A Good and Wise Measure: The Search for the by Francis M. Carroll

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By Francis M. Carroll

In this certain and engaging booklet, Francis Carroll tells the tale of the makes an attempt to settle the unique boundary among Canada and the USA from the Atlantic coast to the center of the continent.

Established through the Treaty of Paris in 1783, it quickly grew to become transparent that ambiguities and blunders within the treaty introduced confusion and contention within the boundary borderland from New Brunswick and Maine to the St. Lawrence River, in the course of the nice Lakes and from Lake stronger to Lake of the Woods, within the middle of the continent. This borderland, progressively filling with humans of competing pursuits - Loyalists and Yankees, fur investors and infantrymen, Europeans and primary countries peoples - turned the focal point of the main hindrance in Anglo-Canadian-American kin for nearly sixty years.

Drawing on wide learn and using manuscript fabrics by no means dropped at endure at the topic sooner than, the hunt for Boundary is the 1st paintings to entirely clarify the efforts of the various Boundary Commissions and the failed arbitration of the King of Netherlands - all significant overseas makes an attempt to settle the boundary. The publication additionally presents a clean interpretation of the relevance the turbulent decade of the 1830s had in contributing to the experience of urgency that at last allowed for negotiation of an inexpensive compromise payment of the boundary within the Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842 -- "A sturdy and clever measure," as Lord Ashburton referred to as it. choked with the politics and intrigues of the time, Carroll brings to lifestyles a outstanding time within the diplomatic and political historical past of either Canada and the United States.

Winner of the Dafoe ebook Prize, presented through the J.W. Dafoe Foundation

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S. interests, particularly those of Maine. However, in the interval between the opening of talks and the arrival of the signed treaty in Washington, DC, the circumstances of the United States changed substantially with its acquisition of a vast territory west of the Mississippi through the purchase of Louisiana. The French did not spell out in any detail the boundaries of the territory that they sold to the United States. This ambiguity, whether deliberate or not, led to decades of disagreement between the United States and its southern neighbours, Spain and later Mexico, over the extent of land acquired in the purchase - namely, about West Florida and Texas.

It is often remarked that the document avoided mention of the issues that brought on the war and that in effect it settled nothing. This judgment, however, is too simplistic. British North America - Canada - was secured, and no American soldier ever invaded it again. Many people, including Henry Goulburn, would not in 1814 have believed that possible. For the Americans, their nation was saved with no loss of territory. For the boundary, a process was set in motion that divided the continent; the Rush-Gallatin Convention of 1818 determined that the fortyninth parallel would divide British territory in North America from the United States west from the Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains, with joint occupancy to be the rule for the Oregon territory.

Mitchell's map had a large rectangular inset west of Lake of the Woods, out from under which the Mississippi River appeared to be fully formed and flowing south. In fact, the source of the Mississippi was eventually located well south and slightly east of the Lake of the Woods. Even these cartographic failings would have been less serious if there had been a copy of a map, with the intended boundaries clearly marked on it, attached to the peace treaty. In fact, there was no treaty map - an omission that further complicated and confused the whole question right up to the present time.

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