A Year Inland: The Journal of a Hudson’s Bay Company by Barbara Belyea

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By Barbara Belyea

Anthony Henday, a tender Hudson’s Bay corporation worker, set out from York manufacturing unit in June 1754 to iciness with “trading Indians” alongside the Saskatchewan River. He tailored willingly and simply to their lifestyle; he additionally saved a magazine within which he defined the plains sector and took observe of rival French investors’ luck at their inland posts. a replica of Henday’s magazine was once instantly despatched to the corporate administrators in London. They rewarded Henday handsomely even though they have been doubtful the place he had travelled, what teams he had met at the plains, and what good fortune he had in opposing rival French investors. because then, uncertainty approximately Henday’s 12 months inland has elevated. the unique magazine disappeared; simply 4 copies, courting from 1755 to approximately 1782, are extant. each one textual content differs from the opposite 3; the diversities variety from version spellings to be aware option to contradictory statements on important questions. All 4 copies are the paintings of an organization clerk, later issue, named Andrew Graham, who used them to help his personal perspectives on HBC buying and selling regulations. Twentieth-century students have dependent their claims for Henday’s value as an explorer, dealer and observer of local cultures on a poorly edited transcript of the 1782 textual content. they've been unaware or careless of the journal’s textual ambiguity. A 12 months Inland provides all 4 copies for the 1st time, including contextual notes and a observation that reassesses the journal’s details on plains geography, humans and exchange.

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Williams’s argument for a common source in Henday’s original journal is based on comparison of the entries for 22-23 July, 14-16 October, 27-28 December, 2 Februar y, 15-16 and 21-25 May, and 30 May-1 June: these entries describe the French trade and the middleman system by which the Natives traded amongst themselves. 239/a/40 represent alterations of the lost original journal, and that the e texts are separate transcriptions from this lost original. 2/4. 2/11 includes a detail not given in any of the earlier texts: Henday ’s party crossed a river ‘‘in our Slender Canoes without any Accident happening’’ (21 August), and while hunting buffalo ‘‘the bullet we oftentimes get again’’ (30 December).

Appendix A to Graham, Obser vations on Hudson’s Bay, 335n. 3 hbca documents are numbered on one side of the sheet, like traditional folios. , ‘‘1d’’) to indicate verso. 194: ‘‘Each folio has two sheets, or four pages. The sheets are numbered only on the front, or recto, side. , appendixes A and B to Graham, Obser vations on Hudson’s Bay, 333-61. 2/11), and then discusses them in this order as Journals A, B, C and D. 2/4. But cf. 2/4 is in an unknown clerical hand, the relative detail of each volume, and Williams, ‘‘Andrew Graham and Thomas Hutchins,’’ 6.

31 Critics’ tendency to be critical, even or especially of their own ‘‘assumptions and techniques,’’ is in marked contrast to historians’ complacency, high moral seriousness and developed sense of turf. Although Kline states that ‘‘continued academic debate has modified the tone and direction of much of the discussion . . 32 Unfortunately, histor y as a discipline suffers from this isolationist tendency of its practitioners, and never more than when its own ‘‘assumptions and techniques’’ remain unexamined.

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