By Eric T. DeWeaver, Cecilia M. Bitz, L.-Bruno Tremblay
Published by way of the yankee Geophysical Union as a part of the Geophysical Monograph Series.
This quantity addresses the swift decline of Arctic sea ice, putting contemporary sea ice decline within the context of previous observations, weather version simulations and projections, and easy versions of the weather sensitivity of sea ice. Highlights of the paintings awarded the following contain
- An appraisal of the function performed by means of wind forcing in riding the decline;
- A reconstruction of Arctic sea ice stipulations ahead of human observations, in accordance with proxy information from sediments;
- A modeling process for assessing the impression of sea ice decline on polar bears, used as enter to the U.S. Fish and natural world Service's selection to record the polar endure as a threatened species less than the Endangered Species Act;
- Contrasting reviews at the life of a "tipping point," past which Arctic sea ice decline turns into (or has already turn into) irreversible, together with an exam of the position of the small ice cap instability in international warming simulations;
- A major summertime atmospheric reaction to sea ice aid in an atmospheric normal circulate version, suggesting a good suggestions and the possibility of temporary weather prediction.
The booklet should be of curiosity to researchers trying to comprehend the hot habit of Arctic sea ice, version projections of destiny sea ice loss, and the implications of sea ice loss for the common and human platforms of the Arctic.
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Extra resources for Arctic Sea Ice Decline: Observations, Projections, Mechanisms, and Implications
D. (Fig- ure 7) [Lamb, 1977] is another example of the recording of the LIA by this parameter. However, as pointed out by Jones and Mann , the LIA documented from historical or proxy data is far from a synchronous and uniform climate event over the Northern Hemisphere, and some discrepancies may be expected. Nonetheless, although sea ice records of the last millennium are still rare, the few data available indicate important secular changes in sea ice margins with some diachronous responses of sea ice extent from one region to another.
And the late Holocene (the last millennium). The sites indicated in bold are those used to illustrate sea ice changes over the last 10,000 years. D. (limits from the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) Web page http://nsidc. html). The dashed line corresponds approximately to the maximum extent of sea ice in winter. , 2001; Darby and Bischof, 2004]. , 2004]. , 2004], whereas the intensified export of sea ice through Fram Strait would allow comparison with the Arctic dipole anomaly [cf. , 2006].
2001] Hillaire-Marcel et al.  and de Vernal et al. [2005a] de Vernal et al. [2005a] McKay et al.  This study Hamel et al.  Levac et al.  Levac et al.  Bilodeau et al.  and de Vernal and Hillaire-Marcel  This study Simard and de Vernal  Levac  de Vernal and Hillaire-Marcel  de Vernal and Hillaire-Marcel , Peyron and de Vernal , and Solignac et al. ) sea ice data are from the National Snow and Ice Data Center. Sites indicated in bold are those used in Figures 6, 9, and 11 to illustrate sea ice changes over the last 10,000 years.