Assisting Emigration to Upper Canada: The Petworth Project, by Wendy Cameron

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By Wendy Cameron

Using a wealthy selection of modern assets, this examine specializes in one workforce of English immigrants despatched to top Canada from Sussex and different southern counties as a result of parishes and landlords. partially One, Wendy Cameron follows the paintings of the Petworth Emigration Committee over six years and hint how the immigrants have been obtained in each one of those years. partly , Mary McDougall Maude provides an entire record of emigrants on Petworth ships from 1832 to 1837, together with info in their historical past, kin reconstructions, and extra details drawn from Canadian assets. Paternalism powerful sufficient to sluggish the wheels of switch is embodied the following in Thomas Sockett, the organizer of the Petworth emigrations, and his client, the Earl of Egremont, and in Lieutenant Governor Sir John Colborne in higher Canada. The friction created as those males sought to maintain older values within the courting among wealthy and terrible highlights the shift in British emigration coverage. In those years of transition immigrants despatched by means of the Petworth Emigration Committee might settle for assistance and the govt course that went with it, or they can depend upon their very own assets and locate paintings for themselves. as soon as the transition was once entire, the market-driven version took over and immigrants needed to make their very own top discount for his or her labour.

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Nonetheless, he believed that the longterm future of parish-aided emigration and of his own scheme at Petworth depended on the government passing favourable legislation. He thought that the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834 was the legislation he needed, but the impetus it gave to the Petworth emigrations proved temporary. The support that sustained Sockett's emigrations came from the Earl of Egremont. Egremont hoped for more from assisted emigration than a quiet winter, although he was not unaware of this effect.

The purpose of the commissioners'notorious "workhouse test" was to isolate able-bodied paupers in the workhouse and thus make a clear distinction between them and labourers working independently of parish INTRODUCTION IJ support. 23 The newly appointed poor law commissioners took office with considerable public support because the shortcomings of the old system had been so apparent in many parts of the country. Sockett himself was among those who thought many parishes overdue for administrative reform in 1834, but he was not prepared for the form that change would take under the poor law commissioners.

40 Until 1834, the best totals for parish immigration to the Canadas were kept in the Emigrant Office at Quebec. The figures were compiled and sent to the Colonial Office by Alexander Carlisle Buchanan, who had been appointed as agent in 1828. Buchanan worked with a nephew of the same name as his. Before ill-health forced his uncle to resign and he replaced him as agent in 1838, the younger Buchanan took over an increasing amount of the work of the office and filled in during his uncle's periods of sick leave, which included the winters of 1835, 1836, and 1837.

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