Between Principle and Practice: Human Rights in North-South by David Gillies

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By David Gillies

A comparative research of the discrepancy among government's phrases and activities in regards to human rights coverage. This paintings examines the human rights international relations of Canada, the Netherlands, and Norway, all filthy rich commercial democracies with a world popularity for protesting human rights abuses, from the mid-1980s to the early-1990s. the writer unearths that even those international locations are seldom ready to sacrifice short-run monetary or political pursuits to protest gross and systematic human rights abuses past their border. in line with case stories of 5 3rd global international locations - Sri Lanka, the Phillippines, China, Indonesia, and Surinam - the e-book explores the level which coverage ideas have been utilized in perform, displaying that constant, co-ordinated, and principled motion is elusive even for international locations with a name for internationalism. the writer highlights the becoming rift among North Atlantic democracies and rising Asian monetary powers, the effectiveness of utilizing reduction sanctions to safeguard human rights, and the vicissitudes of human rights programming in rising democracies.

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These frameworks will be used to examine statecraft and to test, in case studies, the competing hypotheses. Method is thus a bridge from international relations theory to foreign policy practice. The first framework organizes the documentation of human rights data. It focuses on several "core" rights - freedom from extrajudicial killing, freedom from torture, freedom from hunger, and freedom from discrimination. This will be called the "core rights" framework. While the gathering of data is the first step of policy analysis, the next is an assessment of overall national performance.

Another underpinning of the shift towards conditionality stems from a rethinking of sovereignty. State sovereignty has been eroding for some time. It is under challenge from within by ethnic groups seeking greater autonomy or complete secession, and it is challenged from without by growing economic and political interdependence. In countries where external aid makes up a significant proportion of total government budgets, sovereignty is almost a fiction. The globalization of trade and money markets involves both reciprocal gains and mutual vulnerability and hence the interdependence of all states.

With a tiny population and a small but internationally competitive economy, is it best described as a minor middle power or as just another small, weak state? Whatever their differences (in geography, economy, alliances, and political culture) Canada, the Netherlands, Norway (and Sweden) share a strong tradition of internationalism on issues such as foreign aid, disarmament, human rights, and, more broadly, North-South relations. By choosing the term "internationalist," the pool of states available for analysis is significantly narrowed.

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