Canada's Enemies: Spies and Spying in the Peaceable Kingdom by Graeme Mount

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By Graeme Mount

In 1898, Spanish spies dependent in Montreal, Halifax, and Victoria monitored the USA battle attempt opposed to their fatherland, whereas U.S. counter-intelligence officers watched the Spaniards. Neither the americans nor the Spaniards sought Canadian permission for those actions. Britain's enemies (and usually America's enemies) have additionally been Canada's enemies. with out the heroic counter-intelligence of the mysterious Agent X, Irish americans on the flip of the century may need blasted British Columbia's legislature and the Esquimalt naval base the way in which they blasted the Welland Canal. in the course of international warfare I, counter-intelligence did not cease German brokers who bombed the Windsor-Walkerville quarter in addition to the CPR bridge at the Maine-New Brunswick border. in the meantime, Canadian safeguard officers ran round in a nation of frantic frustration as a result of German "conspiracies" alongside the Ontario-New York nation border imagined by means of Sir Courtney bennett, British consul-general in manhattan urban. After the battle, American moles in a Latvian put up place of work monitored mail among Canadian Communists and Moscow. within the thirties, a Finnish-Canadian clergyman spied on Sudbury's purple Finns for the USA consultate inNorth Bay, and Hitler's consuls maintained surveillance of Canadian politicians and German dissidents in Canada. in the course of international struggle II, Canadian specialists intercepted the mail of envoys from Vichy-France, suspected of spying for Germany, and from Franco's Spain, suspected of spying for Japan. within the Sixties, the CIA not just saw Cubans in Canada, but in addition watched the location in Quebec and used a Canadian diplomat to gather details on North Vietnam. a few of this heritage has merged from formerly missed and newly declassified records from ecu, American, and Canadian documents. those newly printed information express that Canada is an engaging position, either for what Canadians do in other places and for what foreigners do in Canada. additionally, as soon as readers have obvious the categories of actions during which associates interact, they're much less shocked at what enemies have performed.

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In the nick of time to avoid deportation from the United States, Dayal went to Berlin. In 1915, von Papen tried to recruit Indians living in Vancouver to dynamite CPR bridges and tunnels in British Columbia, but he failed. Unknown to Canadian authorities, the German consulate-general in San Francisco had established ties with Taraknath Das, another Sikh whom Hopkinson had suspected. The Canadians did not realize that by mid-1915 Germans were providing Sikh residents of North America with money to provoke a revolt in India.

The United States consul in that city, Samuel C. Reat, wrote to the German consul in Chicago about Mrs. Thaden, but a communication of November 1915 went by mistake to Horace Nugent, the British consul-general in Chicago. Nugent forwarded its contents to his superiors at the British embassy in Washington, who in turn told the Governor General, the Duke of Connaught and Strathearn. The Canadian government then ordered an investigation by the Royal North-West Mounted Police (RNWMP) . The RNWMP selected Commander Fitzpatrick Joseph Horrigan of its "E" Division for the task, although, on an earlier occasion, Consul Reat had found Horrigan such a nuisance that he had lodged a formal complaint against him.

Secret Service agents who had followed them did not stop them, but security on the Welland Canal was intense, and they did not ignite the dynamite. ) Later Busse was to testify that von Papen had paid their expenses. In October 1914, von der Goltz returned temporarily to Germany. On the return trip to the United States, he stopped in England to report on German air raids against that country, and the British arrested him. American authorities in turn extradited him from the United Kingdom, and back in the United States, he sang.

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