Conservation of Plastics (2008)(en)(320s) by Yvonne Shashoua

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By Yvonne Shashoua

Plastic items are integrated greater than ever in museums and galleries collections nowadays, yet this stuff can begin to become worse once they a quite a few years previous. during this ebook Yvonne Shashoua presents the basic wisdom had to preserve plastic items within the very best situation for you to remain loved for lots of years.The ancient improvement of plastics, in addition to the know-how, their actual and chemical homes, id, degradation and conservation are all in actual fact and concisely lined inside of this unmarried quantity, making it a useful reference for the expanding variety of conservators and curators which are encountering plastics of their each day work.* offers quite a lot of professional info on plastics in an obtainable type* makes use of case reviews to demonstrate the commonest sorts of degradation and applicable remedies* according to the authors two decades of expertise within the polymer and conservation

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The main factors which initiate or accelerate degradation of all plastics have been identified as light, especially high-energy ultraviolet radiation, heat, oxygen and water. Conservators consider two approaches to conservation when planning treatment to extend the useful lifetime of all materials, namely preventive and interventive. Preventive conservation may be defined as the mitigation of degradation and damage to cultural property through the formulation and implementation of policies and procedures for storage, exhibition, packing, transport, and use, integrated pest management, disaster management and reformatting or duplication (American Institute for Conservation of Artistic and Historic Works, 15 16 C O N S E R VAT I O N O F P L A S T I C S 1997).

Plastics Materials, 6th edition. Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford. Couzens, E. G. and Yarsley, V. W. (1956). Plastics in the Service of Man. Pelican, Suffolk. Ekström, G. (1985). Ett glasklart alternativ-Polykarbonat (A glass-clear alternativepolycarbonate). Plastforum Scandanavia, 6, 94. ElAmin, A. (2006). Biodegradable plasticiser developed as phthalate replacement [online]. id=64903 [Accessed 7 March 2007]. European Parliament Council. (2005). Directive 2005/84/EC [online]. uri=CELEX:32005L0084:EN: NOT [Accessed 24 February 2007] Fleck, H.

8 This coffee percolator (6 cm high for a doll’s house) is made of polystyrene. The coffee jug demonstrates the glass-like appearance of polystyrene. 29 30 C O N S E R VAT I O N O F P L A S T I C S chemists at the Alkali Division of Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI). Fawcett and Gibson, the chemists involved in the research project, noticed the formation of a white, waxy solid when ethylene gas was used in experiments. The solid was identified as polyethylene. In trying to reproduce the polymerization, it was discovered that oxygen was necessary for the reaction to take place and had only been present due to a leak in the original apparatus.

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