By Robert L. Maddex
This survey of global constitutions provides approximately one hundred twenty alphabetized entries overlaying a wide diversity of constitutions. Revisions and additions during this 3rd version maintain speed with the worldwide constitutional occasions that experience happened among 2001 and 2007. every one bankruptcy profiles one kingdom in an easy-to-use structure. normal details, together with position, measurement, inhabitants, capital, monetary and political prestige, form of govt, and dates of constitutions Constitutional heritage, together with key old and political occasions that offer context for realizing the country s present structure and govt affects, together with constitutions or rules from different international locations that experience had an influence at the kingdom s structure, in addition to ways that it has affected others Preamble to the structure, together with introductory statements that frequently supply the most important perception right into a state s ambitions and assets of ideas basic rights, together with statements of rights and freedoms held through participants department of powers, together with the process of exams and balances inside of a countrywide executive, in addition to relatives with its nation or provinces constitution of presidency, together with constitutional responsibilities of the administrative, legislative and judicial branches, and people of targeted executive associations Amendments, together with techniques for amending or revising the structure New during this version are: Profiles of over eighteen extra international locations that provide broader assurance of Africa, Latin the USA, japanese Europe, and Asia up to date entries that replicate newly followed constitutions together with the hot structure in Iraq after the autumn of Saddam Hussein in addition to major amendments in lots of nations an invaluable chart offers key components of all 100 nineteen constitutions, facilitating fast comparisons at a look.
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Extra info for Constitutions of the World
The constitution is divided on the basis of executive, legislative, and judicial powers. Division of Powers President. The president is head of state and “personiﬁes the unity of the Nation,” states article 70. “He is the guarantor of the Constitution. . ” The president is directly elected for ﬁve years and may be reelected one time. ” Pursuant to article 77, the president is the supreme commander of the armed forces and is responsible for national defense, conducts foreign policy, presides over the council of ministers, appoints the prime minister, may dismiss the government, and signs presidential decrees.
One-third of Argentina’s nearly 40 million citizens live in Buenos Aires, the capital. Before the Great Depression in the 1930s, the export of beef and wheat made Argentina the seventh richest country in the world. The nation’s major industries today include meat packing, motor vehicles, and durable consumer goods. Having survived a period of government corruption and abuse, and the largest default in the history of the International Monetary Fund in 2003, the country now seems on the way to economic stability.
The Judiciary High Court. ” The court’s original jurisdiction extends to adjudicating criminal charges against a number of o≈cials, including the president, the prime minister, and judges of the high court and the constitutional court. According to article 136, the members of the high court and its president are appointed by the president with the consent of the assembly for terms of nine years, but they may not be reappointed. ” A judge may also be removed by a two-thirds vote of the assembly for various reasons, including for a violation of the constitution.