Das System des Vedanta by Paul Deussen

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By Paul Deussen

Книга крупнейшего немецкого востоковеда XIX в. Пауля Дойссена посвящена наиболее влиятельной в современной Индии философской системе - адвайта-веданте, или "недвойственной" веданте, основателем которой был Шанкара (788 - 820). Рассматривается происхождение адвайта-веданты, ее учение о Брахмане - едином Мировом Духе, о Вселенной, душе, колесе перерождений (сансаре) и о религиозном спасении - освобождении из сансары и осознании душой своего изначального единства с Брахманом.

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Aber ist nicht das Bestehen der Seele über den Leib hin„aus und ihr Geniefsen der von der Schriftlehre verheii'seuen Frucht schon „zu Anfang des Lehrbuches im ersten Päda [nämlich zu Jaim. 1,1,5] beAllerdings, doch nur von dem Kommentator (hhä„sprochen worden? der Seele. „wähnen der Einwürfe, von dem Verfasser der Sütra's (sutraJcrit) selbst festgestellt. Von hier eben hat es der Lehrer ^'abarasvämiu entnommen und ,, „im Pramäiialakshanam [dem ersten Buche des Jaimini, und zwar zu 1,1,5 Daher auch der ehrwürdige Upavarsha im „p.

Hingegen v. Vgl. v. ; Deussen, Vedänta. 97 brähmana, v. v. 94 dvija. 2 EiuleitUDg. 18 die Einheit da findet und nämlich in der Seele erfafst, selbst. wo sie allein zu finden ist, Hier, in den geheimnisvollen Tiefen der eigenen Brust gewahrte der durch die Andacht des Gebetes (hrähman) über seine eigene Individualität hinaus- gehobene Beschauer eine Macht, welche er allen andern Mächten der Schöpfung überlegen fühlte, eine göttliche Kraft, die, wie er empfand, allem irdischen und überirdischen Sein als innerlich regierendes Prinzip fantaryäminj einwohnt, alle Welten und alle auf der Götter beruhen, aus Furcht vor der das Feuer brennt, die Sonne leuchtet, das Gewitter, der Sturmwind und der Tod ihr AVerk verrichten (Käth.

764,3 der merkwürdige Fall vor, dafs bei Besprechung von Käth. 2,(3 (^ankara die Worte „jmnah piinar vagam äpa(lyatc me"- mit Bädaräyana unrichtigerweise auf Höllenstrafen bezieht, während er dieselben Worte in seinem Kommentaro zu Käth. 2,6 p. 96,14 richtig von einem wiederholten Geborenwerden und Sterben versteht. Hin und wieder ist seine Erklärung eines Sütram zweifelnd (z. B. 2,4,12. 4,3. eine doppelte Erklärung: 1,1,12-19. 1,1,31. 1,3,27. 2,2,39-40. 2,4,5-6. 3,1,7. 3,2,22. 3,2,33. 3,3,16-17.

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