By Anne Bang
Anne Bang focuses at the ways that a specific Islamic brotherhood, or 'tariqa', the tariqa Alawiyya, unfold, maintained and propagated their specific model of the Islamic religion. Originating within the South-Yemeni zone of Hadramawt, the Alawi tariqa often unfold alongside the coast of the Indian Ocean. The Alawis are the following portrayed as one of the cultural mediators within the multi-ethnic, multi-religious Indian Ocean global within the period of eu colonialism.
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Anne Bang focuses at the ways that a specific Islamic brotherhood, or 'tariqa', the tariqa Alawiyya, unfold, maintained and propagated their specific model of the Islamic religion. Originating within the South-Yemeni quarter of Hadramawt, the Alawi tariqa often unfold alongside the coast of the Indian Ocean.
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Additional resources for Sufis and Scholars of the Sea: Family Networks in East Africa, 1860-1925 (Indian Ocean Series)
57 Correspondingly, neither Al-Mashhu¯r ˙ nor al-Badawı¯ mention any return migrations; on the contrary they emphasise the increasing importance of the village of Tsujini58 on Grande Comore as a centre for the Comorian Jamal al-Layl. In this light, it is not unlikely that some short-cuts have been made in el-Zein’s history of the Jamal al-Layl of Lamu. The Jamal al-Layl lineage also spread further south to Madagascar. The productive poet Abu¯ |l-Hasan b. 59 ¯ l Shaykh Abı¯ Bakr bin Sa¯lim A The founder of this lineage was Shaykh Abu¯ Bakr b.
Sumayt d. 1207/1792–93 ˙ Less is known about Muhammad’s brother \Umar. The Shams al-Zahı¯ra7 states ˙ ˙ only that he lived in Shiba¯m, that he was a teacher in a number of places, and that he attracted many students. 37 \Umar b. Zayn d. 1207/ 1792–93 Muhammad ˙ b. Zayn d. 1172/1758 Muhammad ˙ d. 1803 Recluse Ahmad ˙ 1769–1842 Qutb and Mujaddid ˙ One son with no male issue Zayn d. 1795 in Jiddah on the Haj ˙ \Abd al-Rahma¯n ˙ d. 1808 in Shiba¯m Hasa¯n ˙ b. 1826 in Shiba¯m Umar. Died in Shiha¯m 1868 Performer of karama¯t Went to Java.
24 ¯ L BA ¯ ( B A N ¯I ) \ A L AW I¯ THE A The \Alawı¯s in East Africa Overall migration from the Hadramawt increased signiﬁcantly around the mid˙ ˙ nineteenth century, probably mainly due to the chaotic political situation at home and the increased ease of travel. Although ‘going east’ seemed the most proﬁtable option for the nineteenth-century migrant, this did not mean that Hadramı¯ \Alawı¯s stopped ‘going west’ – to East Africa. Rather, migration to the ˙ ˙ Swahili Coast increased throughout the nineteenth century, particularly encouraged by the new Omani rulers who established a proﬁtable climate both for trade and religious learning – the \Alawı¯ professions of choice.