The fundamental teachings of early Buddhism: A comparative by Mun-Keat Choong

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By Mun-Keat Choong

This publication is a comparative exam of the most teachings inside the Sutranga component to the Pali Samyutta-nikaya (SN) and its counterpart in chinese language canon, a translation of a now misplaced Sanskrit Samyuktagama (Za-ahan-jing) (SA). The SN and SA are primarily assorted types of an analogous selection of discourses.This research builds at the paintings of Yin Shun, which demonstrates the old significance of SN/SA within the formation of the early Buddhist canon. specifically, it really is in keeping with Yin Shun's popularity of the three-anga constitution of SN/SA, and of the prestige of its Sutranga element as of top significance within the old formation of this nikaya/agama, and as containing the main basic teachings of Buddha. the purpose of this learn is to bare and make clear the similarities and ameliorations among SN and SA, with reference to the relevant Buddhist teachings contained of their Sutranga element.

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Extra resources for The fundamental teachings of early Buddhism: A comparative study based on the Sutranga portion of the Pali Samyutta-Nikaya and the Chinese Samyuktagama (Beitrage zur Indologie)

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LIb (CSA i, p. 158). 26 The five aggregates Thus, molestation (ml) is the aggregate of material form with attachment. 2. 1:. 1:. 5lt) In the second account, the SN version explains feeling thus: 9 One experiences (vediyati or vedayati), bhiksus, that is why it is called feeling (vedanii). What does one experience? ). One experiences, bhiksus, that is why it is called feeling. Its SA counterpart states: 10 All characteristics of experience (~:I; fED are the aggregate of feeling with attachment. What does one experience?

17 This heading is not in the text. j) or Shishi (~ru X. - Wushi (~Ml) X. -15. Anamatagga S. - Pocuozhong-chujia (~~lIl±l~) X. ~ - 33. Vacchagotta S. - 44: Avyakata S. - Waidao-chujia (7'i-ml±l~) x. -Za(mX. - Piyu (Wntu) x. - - - - - - - - - - - 20. Opamma S. - Bing (fFl3) X. - Yebao (~¥ID X. - 17. Uibhasakkara S. - 18. Riihula S. - 29. Naga S. - 30. a S. - 31. Gandhabbakaya S. - 37. Matugama S. - 53. Jhana S. As this table shows, the Siitra-anga portion is closely similar in SA and SN, as regards both its content and its distribution among the four sections.

Its SA counterpart states: 19 The characteristic of distinguishing (3~ %l ;f§) is the aggregate of consciousness with attachment. What is one conscious of (~? One is conscious of visible forms, sounds, odours, tastes, tangibles, mental objects. That is why it is called the aggregate of consciousness with attachment. 16 17 18 19 T 2, p. lIe (CSA i, p. 158). 56-57 = SA 41-42: SN iii, pp. 61, 64; T 2, pp. ge, 10b-e (CSA i, pp. 150, 153). SN iii, p. 87. T 2, p. lIe (CSA i, p. 158). 30 The five aggregates The word "distinguishes" (or "is conscious of', vijanati) in SN is similar -in meaning to "characteristic of distinguishing" and "is conscious of' in SA.

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